Bisson Frères (Louis-Auguste Bisson [France, 1814-1876] & Auguste-Rosalie Bisson [France, 1826-1900]): Glacier des Bossons, Savoie.
Albumen print 9.5 x 15.5 inches, circa 1860
(for a detailed view of the climbers, click here)The Bisson Brothers were among the best-known European photographers of the 1850s and 1860s. Their most famous body of work is comprised of the high-altitude photographs they made in the Alps during the climbing seasons of 1859-1862. In 1860, on the occasion of the reunion of Savoy with France, and accompanied by Napoleon III and the Empress, the Bissons went to Chamonix to attempt the ascent of Mont-Blanc. They failed to reach the summit but the large glass negatives they produced during the climb were the basis of an album of twenty-four superb Alpine views.
Despite the arduous conditions, the Bissons captured this masterful scene of an epic struggle by men intent on conquering nature--set against a magnificent landscape.
This large format print is identified by both a blindstamp ("FBF" in a circle) and an ink stamp ("Bisson frères"). It was almost certainly made prior to 1864, when the Bissons' partnership ended and Louis-Auguste retired from photography.
References: F. Guichon, Montaigne, Photographies de 1845 á 1914 ( Denoël, Paris: 1984), illustration p. 60, where this image is dated 1862; After Daguerre, Masterworks of French Photography from the Bibliothèque Nationale (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: 1980); Photography's Beginnings: A Visual History (University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque: 1990), plate 121.
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